Guide to Methods for Storing Dangerous Goods in Logistics Warehouses

Mar 05,2024
Industry News
When transporting dangerous goods, how to handle international maritime dangerous goods to ensure the safety of people and the environment and safe transportation

Do you remember the horrific incident in Beirut, where a batch of ammonium nitrate exploded with disastrous consequences, rightly drawing worldwide attention to how seemingly simple cargo such as chemicals is stored?

This incident highlights the importance of adhering to best practices and regulations to keep everyone safe. Handling hazardous goods stored in warehouses requires strict compliance with safety protocols and regulations to minimize the risk of accidents or incidents.

With the continuous growth of logistics e-commerce, a large amount of dangerous goods are now transported across national borders around the world every day. Containerized cargo, including dangerous goods, is handled through intermodal transport, which means that goods are interchanged directly between various modes of transport and associated warehouses.

dangerous goods

Such operations take place in warehouses and marine terminals and may include transfers from trucks, rails, barges, etc., with intermediate (or sometimes longer) temporary storage periods.

Sometimes goods are consolidated in a warehouse (often called "consolidation") before being shipped to an inland recipient or loaded onto a ship. Goods received from ships can also be processed in reverse.

Compliance with regulations and applicable industry standards, including implementation of best practices, is key to ensuring a safe workplace for storage, transportation and handling environments, while also protecting the surrounding community.

Key steps and recommendations to ensure safe storage and handling of dangerous goods

Understand and comply with regulations

Be familiar with and comply with all relevant international, regional, national and local regulations and standards. This includes understanding which goods are considered dangerous and how to handle, transport and store them correctly and safely.

Staff training

Ensure that all employees handling hazardous goods have received appropriate training and understand how to do so safely. This includes understanding the nature of dangerous goods, how to deal with spills, and what to do in an emergency.

Implement best practices

Follow industry best practices to ensure safe handling of hazardous goods. This may include using specific storage facilities, equipment or technology, and implementing specific security procedures.

Regular audits and inspections

Regular audits and inspections of storage facilities and operations are conducted to ensure that all safety regulations and best practices are followed. This can help identify potential safety hazards and take timely steps to correct them.

Work with suppliers and carriers

Work with suppliers and carriers to ensure they also comply with all relevant regulations and standards. This ensures that dangerous goods are handled safely and compliantly throughout the supply chain.

emergency preparedness

Develop a contingency plan to respond to possible dangerous goods incidents. This includes knowing how to respond to leaks, fires or other emergencies quickly and effectively.

Guidelines for standardized operation and storage of dangerous goods during storage in logistics warehouses

intermodal transport operations

Recognize that dangerous goods are handled intermodally, meaning they are exchanged between various modes of transportation and warehouses. This includes transfers between trucks, trains, barges and warehouses with temporary storage periods.

Role of the Responsibility Holder

Understand the responsibilities of the warehouse duty holder. These personnel play a vital role in ensuring compliance with international, regional, national and local regulations and standards for the transport, handling and storage of dangerous goods.

Comply with regulations and standards

Comply with regulations and industry standards to protect life, the environment and property. Ensure that all responsible parties in the transportation chain fulfill their obligations to maintain safety.

Implement best practices

Implement best practices in the storage, transportation and handling of hazardous materials to create a safe work environment and protect the surrounding community. This includes appropriate training, documentation and equipment.

Learn from past events

Understand the potential consequences of improper handling of hazardous materials by reflecting on past events such as the 2020 Beirut explosion and the Tianjin explosion. Use these incidents as learning opportunities to improve safety measures and prevent future incidents.

Industry guidance

Leverage industry guidance and resources to develop protocols for temporary or long-term storage of hazardous materials. The guidance should cover both packaged and bulk goods and provide clear instructions on ensuring safe storage practices.

Risk assessment and management

Conduct a thorough risk assessment to identify potential hazards associated with storing hazardous materials. Develop risk management strategies to mitigate these hazards and prevent accidents or incidents from occurring.

Correct handling and storage

Follow specific protocols for handling and storing hazardous materials, including proper labeling, segregation, and temperature control (if necessary). Ensure storage facilities comply with regulatory requirements and have necessary safety features.

Dangerous goods should be segregated and stored based on their compatibility and hazards. Incompatible materials should be stored separately to prevent reaction or explosion. Storage areas should be clearly marked and have appropriate ventilation, temperature control and fire prevention measures.

Regularly monitor and inspect stored hazardous materials to ensure their integrity and stability. Check for any signs of leaks, corrosion, or other potential hazards. Report any problems promptly and take necessary steps to resolve them.

When moving or handling hazardous materials, follow established handling procedures. This includes lifting and stacking techniques, proper stacking arrangements and the use of mechanical assistance when necessary. Avoid rough handling or impact that may cause leakage or reaction.

training and education

Provide comprehensive training to warehouse personnel involved in the handling and storage of hazardous materials. Ensure employees understand the risks associated with their work and have the knowledge and skills to effectively mitigate these risks.

keep improve

Regularly review and update storage procedures and protocols to incorporate new regulations, best practices and lessons learned from incidents. Develop a culture of continuous improvement to improve safety standards and prevent future incidents.

By following these guidelines, logistics warehouses can efficiently store hazardous materials while minimizing risks to people, the environment, and the surrounding community.

The correct use of dangerous goods labels is essential to ensure safe transportation and identification of dangerous goods. It is one of the key measures to ensure safe transportation of dangerous goods and reduce the risk of accidents. Here are some suggestions on how to use dangerous goods labels correctly:

Choose the correct label based on the nature and type of hazard of the cargo. For example, different types of dangerous goods such as flammable, toxic, radioactive, etc. require different labels. Make sure the information on the label is clearly readable and not prone to blurring or falling off. The fonts, colors, backgrounds, etc. on the label should comply with relevant standards and regulations to attract attention and be easy to identify.

The information on the label should be accurate, including the name of the goods, hazard description, emergency measures, etc. There should be no misleading or wrong information. The label should be affixed to a conspicuous location on the package or container of the goods so that it can be easily identified and viewed during transportation and storage. Avoid placing labels in hidden or difficult-to-see places.

Comply with relevant national and international regulations and standards on the transportation of dangerous goods and ensure that the use of labels complies with legal requirements. This includes regulations on label size, color, font, etc. Check the condition of the label regularly to make sure it is intact and the information is clear and readable. If the label is found to be damaged or the information is ambiguous, it should be replaced or updated in time.

Ensure employees understand the meaning and importance of dangerous goods labels and are trained to properly identify and handle goods with dangerous goods labels. Dangerous goods labels should be used in conjunction with other necessary identifications (such as name of goods, quantity, production date, etc.) to fully understand the information of the goods during transportation and storage.

In the logistics industry, dangerous goods refer to substances that are potentially dangerous and may cause damage to people, the environment or property. According to international standards and national regulations, there are mainly these dangerous goods classes:

  1. Chemicals: including various chemicals and chemical products, such as acids, alkalis, solvents, pesticides, dyes, coatings, cleaning agents, etc.
  1. Flammable items: including flammable liquids (such as gasoline, alcohol), flammable solids (such as matches), flammable gases (such as liquefied petroleum gas), etc.
  1. Oxidants: These substances are oxidizing and may aggravate the fire, such as chloric acid, hydrogen peroxide, etc.
  1. Corrosive products: including corrosive acidic substances (such as sulfuric acid), alkaline substances (such as sodium hydroxide) and other corrosive chemicals.
  1. Toxic substances: including various toxic chemicals, biohazardous substances and radioactive substances, which may cause harm to the human body or pollute the environment.
  1. Explosives: including various explosive substances, self-explosive substances and substances that cause explosions, such as explosives, detonators, etc.
  1. Radioactive materials: These materials are radioactive and may cause radiation hazards to personnel and the environment, such as radioactive isotopes and nuclear fuel.
  1. Infectious substances: including various bacteria, viruses and other infectious substances that may cause infection or infectious diseases.
  1. Hazardous waste: including various hazardous wastes and harmful wastes, such as waste chemicals, medical waste, etc.

These dangerous goods categories require special attention in the logistics industry and require special handling and transportation in accordance with relevant regulations and standards to ensure safety and compliance.

Dangerous goods shippingis a crucial aspect of the global transportation industry, especially when dealing with international maritime dangerous goods. The transportation of these high-risk materials requires strict adherence to safety regulations and the use of specialized dangerous goods packaging to ensure the safety of personnel and the environment. Dangerous cargo, whether transported by sea, land, or air, must be handled with utmost care and precision to mitigate any potential risks.

Proper packaging is essential for shipping dangerous goods, as it protects the cargo from leakage, damage, or ignition. The packaging must comply with international standards and regulations to ensure it can withstand the rigors of transportation and protect against any adverse conditions that may arise during transit.

About the Author: Limi

About the Author: Limi

Limi is a content marketing expert at ChinaDivision, helping businesses and e-commerce sellers navigate the complexities of international shipping by providing actionable tips and comprehensive guides on logistics, shipping, and cargo transportation.