A Guide to Choosing the Right Standard Pallet Type and Size

Mar 08,2024
Industry News
How to choose the right pallet type and the correct way to stack pallets during logistics and transportation to ensure that the characteristics of the goods are taken into account

With the rapid development of globalization and e-commerce, the logistics and transportation industry is facing unprecedented opportunities and challenges. In this process, choosing the appropriate standard pallet types and specification has become a key factor in ensuring logistics efficiency and cargo safety.

Choosing the right pallet types, stacking pallets correctly, and understanding pallet specifications and capacities are crucial during logistics and transportation. Let’s take a look at some common problems shippers may encounter when selecting and using pallets, and their corresponding solutions.

What is the weight capacity of a standard pallet?

The weight capacity of a standard pallet refers to the maximum weight that the pallet can bear. The weight carrying capacity of pallets is crucial for logistics transportation. Different types of pallets have different load capacities. For example, a standard North American pallet (48 x 40 inches) has a maximum load of approximately 4,600 pounds or 2,087 kilograms.

wooden pallet

Typically, a standard pallet has a weight capacity of between 1,000 and 1,500 kilograms, depending on the material, size and design of the pallet. If your cargo weighs more than the capacity of a standard pallet, you may consider using a more durable pallet, such as a steel pallet or a specially customized pallet, to ensure the safe transportation of your cargo.

What types of pallets are there?

There are many different kinds of pallets including wooden pallets, plastic pallets, metal steel pallets, etc.

Wooden Pallets: This is one of the most common types of pallets and is suitable for a variety of goods.

Plastic Pallets: Plastic pallets are lightweight and easy to clean, making them suitable for the food and pharmaceutical industries.

Metal Pallets: Metal pallets are durable and suitable for heavy cargo.

wooden pallet type

There are many types of wooden pallets, including standard wooden pallets, European pallets (EUR pallets), cover pallets, etc. Each type of wooden pallet has different design features and uses. For example, European pallets have openings on four sides to facilitate forklift operation and cargo loading and unloading, while cover pallets have foldable covers and are suitable for transportation scenarios where cargo needs to be protected.

Each type of pallet has its own advantages, disadvantages and applicable scenarios. For example, wooden pallets are cheap but susceptible to moisture, while plastic pallets are waterproof and durable but cost more. Choosing the right pallet type depends on your cargo characteristics, shipping needs and budget constraints.

How to stack pallets correctly?

Properly stacking pallets is one of the keys to ensuring the safe transportation of your goods. The first thing you need to make sure is to choose a pallet with sufficient strength and stability. Different types and materials of pallets have different load-bearing capacities and structural characteristics. Choose the appropriate pallet based on the weight and stacking height of the goods.

Before stacking pallets, make sure the floor is level and clean. Place the first layer of pallets on a flat surface, making sure the pallets are firmly placed on the ground and avoid tilting or shaking.

If stacking multiple layers of pallets, staggered stacking is an effective method. When placing on the second layer of pallets, stagger it with the gap between the first layer of pallets, which can increase the stability of the stack. Make sure the goods are evenly distributed on the pallet to avoid concentrating the goods in one place, causing uneven stress and increasing the risk of the pallet tipping over.

Avoid stacking too high according to the pallet's design and load capacity limitations. It is generally recommended not to exceed 3 to 4 layers to ensure the stability and safety of the stack. For taller stacks, consider using supports to add stability. This can be support rods, angles, or other support structures placed at the four corners of the pallet to support the upper pallet. Finally, be sure to follow the maximum height limits for pallet stacking to prevent pallets from collapsing or toppling over.

In addition, dunnage is also a material that supports and protects cargo during transportation, holding it in place, preventing movement, and protecting it from damage. You can learn more about dunnage through its uses and types in transportation, which can help reduce damage caused by bumps, vibrations and collisions during transportation. It plays a role in preventing goods from sliding or collapsing during transportation. To ensure the safety of cargo transportation.

Are the dimensions of plastic pallets the same?

The size specifications of plastic pallets are usually formulated according to international standards. Common sizes include 1200x1000 mm and 1200x800 mm. Additionally, plastic pallets can be custom sized to fit specific cargo and shipping needs. Choosing the right plastic pallet size depends on factors such as cargo size, transportation vehicle and palletizing equipment limitations.

What are the specifications of plastic pallets?

The specifications of plastic pallets usually include indicators such as load capacity, wear resistance, and waterproofness. Load capacity refers to the maximum weight that the pallet can bear, while wear resistance and waterproofing affect the service life and applicable environment of the pallet. Choosing the right plastic pallet size depends on factors such as cargo type, transport distance and environmental requirements.

When choosing the right standard pallet type and specification, it is crucial to ensure that you take into account the characteristics of your cargo, your transportation needs, and the quality and stability of the pallet. By correctly selecting and using standard pallets, you can improve the efficiency and safety of your cargo transportation, reduce shipping costs and protect your goods from damage.

If you need further consultation or want to know more about logistics and transportation related services, please feel free to contact our partner Chinadivision. Chinadivision is a professional logistics service provider dedicated to providing customers with a full range of logistics solutions. With rich experience and professional team, we can provide you with customized logistics services to meet your various transportation needs. Whether you have questions about pallet selection or want to explore more efficient logistics solutions, we are willing to work with you to create a better future.